In Grand Tours of the Scottish Islands, Paul Murton sets out to experience island life today. He uncovers the past and reveals its connections with the present, pointing to the quirky, the surprising and the beautiful lying just offshore.
Runtime: 30 minutes
Grand Tours of the Scottish Islands - Grand Manan - Netflix
Grand Manan Island (also simply Grand Manan) is a Canadian island, and the largest of the Fundy Islands in the Bay of Fundy. It is the primary island in the Grand Manan Archipelago, sitting at the boundary between the Bay of Fundy and the Gulf of Maine on the Atlantic coast. Grand Manan is jurisdictionally part of Charlotte County in the province of New Brunswick. The island lends its name to Grand Manan Parish and the Village of Grand Manan, which has an elected mayor and council; the village includes all of the parish except White Head Island. As of 2016, the village had a population of 2,360.
Grand Tours of the Scottish Islands - Exploration - Netflix
“Manan” is a corruption of “mun-an-ook” or “man-an-ook”, meaning “island place” or “the island”, from the Maliseet-Passamaquoddy-Penobscot Indians who, according to oral history, used Grand Manan and its surrounding islands as a safe place for the elderly Passamaquoddy during winter months and as a sacred burial place (“ook”-means “people of”). Although there is no actual evidence, the Norse are believed by some to be the first Europeans to visit Grand Manan while exploring the Bay of Fundy and Gulf of Maine around 1000 A.D. By the late 15th century, famed explorers Sebastian Cabot and Gaspar Corte-Real, while separately exploring the New World, likely saw what is now known as Grand Manan and the Bay of Fundy. During the early 16th century, Breton fishermen are said to have fished the teeming waters around the island and sheltered among its old-growth oak forests. Portuguese explorer João Álvares Fagundes charted the area around Grand Manan in about 1520, yet the island does not appear clearly on a map until 1558. Reports of a rich land led the Portuguese to decide the area was important enough to include in a comprehensive map of the New World. Famed cartographer Diogo Homem produced this map, noting what would later be called Grand Manan and surrounding islands. The name “Fundy” is thought to date to this time when the Portuguese and Breton fishermen referred to the bay as “Rio Fundo” or “deep river”. It is likely this map ignited a fascination in the region in French merchant-explorer Stephen Bellinger (Étienne Bellenger). Wishing to cash in on the bounty of this newly discovered paradise, Bellinger set out aboard the Chardon in January 1583, reaching Cape Breton about 7 February. He sailed down one side of what is now Nova Scotia and entered “the great bay of that island”, namely, the Bay of Fundy (Baie Française). As he noted that “the entrance is so narrow that a culverin shot can reach from one side to the other”, it would appear that he passed (if the coast has not changed in the meantime) between Long Island and Digby Neck into the bay. He gave names to many places as he continued to explore the bay, and some of those names which he gave to the northern shore survived his voyage. It would appear that he emerged from the Bay of Fundy between Grand Menane (Grand Manan) Island and what is now Maine. The Chardon or her pinnace put Bellinger on land ten to a dozen times. He made a close examination of the resources of the mainland, its timber, its possibilities for making salt, and its presumed mineral wealth, bringing home an ore believed to contain lead and silver. He also made frequent contacts with the Passamaquoddy-Penobscot Indians. He noted that “natives” who lived from 60 to 80 leagues westward from Cape Breton were cunning, cruel, and treacherous: he lost two of his men and his pinnace to them as he made his way back along the Nova Scotia shore. However, he found the Passamaquoddy Indians further west and along the area around what is now Maine and Grand Manan, gentle and tractable. He had a quantity of small merchandise for trade and acquired from the Indians in return for it dressed “buff” (probably elk), deer, and seal skins, together with marten, beaver, otter, and lynx pelts, samples of castor, porcupine quills, dye stuffs, and some dried deer-flesh. In 1606, French Explorer Samuel de Champlain, in a voyage on behalf of Henry IV, sailed the Bay of Fundy and sheltered on White Head—an outer island of Grand Manan—during a March storm of that year. Seven years later, Champlain had produced a detailed map of what he saw, calling the “big” island “Manthane”, which he later corrected to Menane or Menasne. “Grand” was formally added to its name later. In 1693, the island of “Grand Manan” was granted to Paul D'Ailleboust, Sieur de Périgny as part of Champlain's “New France”. D'Ailleboust did not take possession of it, and it reverted to the French Crown, in whose possession it remained until 1713, when it was traded to the British in the Treaty of Utrecht.
Grand Tours of the Scottish Islands - References - Netflix